According to several studies, over 20% of people suffering from type 2 diabetes are not even aware of it. This creates a huge issue as they continue living their lives as if there are no measures for them to take. As such, this ends up with several of them hospitalized due to their poor diets or lack of exercise.
There are several silent signs of type 2 diabetes that are hard to take note of :
Diabetes does not just come up all of a sudden. It is a gradual development. At first, you start feeling thirstier and hungrier, to the point that you drink up to 7 liters per day. As a result, you start taking more bathroom breaks. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases at The National Institute of Health, the accumulation of these symptoms in patients is not even noticed, and it does not mean that you are safe from the repercussions of the disease. You become more prone to cardiovascular diseases, strokes, fevers and infections. To avoid being suddenly bedridden because of an unsuspected diabetes relapse, here are the symptoms you have to be aware of.
An increase in urination
Type 2 diabetes is infamous for its effect on the food processing in the body. The body no longer breaks food as it should be, thus not turning it into the glucose that fuels the body. As such, the glucose enters your blood, and your body compensates for that by producing more urine to flush it out. You start going to the bathroom more often, and the breaks between each go can differ depending on the amount of food you have consumed. There are a lot of people out there who are not even aware of this, and so they cannot even explain the increases in their bathroom breaks
For type 2 diabetes patients, dehydration is the norm. That is, naturally, due to the increase in urine production. This ends up with the person draining their body from its fluids, which construe up to 70% of the former. As such, you end up becoming thirstier than before, and you cannot help but drink more water. Some type 2 diabetes patients can drink up to 7 liters per day, which is unfathomable to normal folks, but quite necessary for diabetics.
Type 2 diabetes is marked by a noticeable loss in weight. It is not drastic or dangerous, but one can notice it. Your belt is closed on an extra hook, your shirt droops down your shoulders, or any other sign that you will notify that you have lost weight. This is actually due to the fact that the previous symptoms of type 2 diabetes contribute to this loss by the dehydration that is caused by constant urination, which will take away the fluids that are part of each part of us.
Hunger and frailty
Due to the fact that your body is no longer consuming foods the way it should, you become more prone to hunger, for your body has not fulfilled its need for nutrition to the utmost. You will find yourself eating bigger portions, snacking the whole time, and constantly hungry. Alongside that, you will feel a bit shaky throughout the day, which is all based on the glucose levels in the blood. That is to be expected in normal cases. However, in diabetics, this happens quicker and at more suddenly. The frailty and shakiness come from low glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetes patients are renowned for their fluctuating moods. The reason they are moody and so grumpy is that the fluctuation of the glucose levels in the blood affects the body as a whole, including the psyche, thus messing with the patients’ feelings.
You might be myopic, sure, what if it is something graver? 0ne of the most known symptoms of type 2 diabetes is the increasing blurriness of vision, which comes from the fact that, due to the dehydration the body experiences due to the increase in urine production, several body parts are affected, including the eyes, most notably the pupils. Even if the diabetic drinks plenty of water, the body’s need cannot be sated at all times, and so it attacks itself. The eyes are a prime target to take the water from due to the fact that they are approximately 90% water, and so the pupils dilate, losing its shape in the process. The deformation causes the blurriness in the vision, and leaving diabetes unchecked can end up with the patient losing eyesight completely.
A decreasing healing factor
When the glucose levels in the body are high, several systems are affected. This includes our healing factor. The immune system uses the bloodstream as its road towards germs or wounds. Should you notice that your wounds are healing at a slower rate than before, that might be due to the fact that hyperglycemia clogs the blood to a certain extent, therefore not allowing the immune system to do its job, that being sealing the wound and, eventually, healing it.
Type 2 diabetes is infamous for many long lasting effects on the body. This includes nerve damage. Hyperglycemia short circuits the nervous system, thus causing neuropathy. The latter causes a numb feeling in the feet, with some tingling as well. It can be full or peripheral, but it remains a symptom of type 2 diabetes. The nerve damage can increase through time, and it might lead to further complications should it be left unchecked.
Due to the stunt effect type 2 diabetes has on the immune system, your body cannot deal with infections, and the hyperglycemia only helps further increase the chances of developing them, for the high amounts of glucose in the body present the perfect environment for infections to grow. The most common infections among type 2 diabetes patients are the urinary tract and yeast infections. The reason behind the urinary tract infections is the increase in urination and the fact that glucose residue remains inside the tract, which, coupled with the immune system’s dysfunction, helps create infections. As for the yeast infection, the reason behind it is the spike in sugar levels in the blood, which leads to a spike in the growth of yeast, especially in the genitalia area.
Type 2 diabetes is one among 3 types of diabetes. It is, however, the most common one. It has been reported that over 34 million Us citizens have been diagnosed with diabetes, with 92.3% bearing type 2 diabetes. The life expectancy of people with type 2 diabetes decreases by 10 years, and this is only when it is moderated. However, should it be left unchecked, it will wreak utter havoc upon the body, thus ending up with the patient succumbing to it sooner.